We are approaching the hottest season with temperatures higher than usual, namely the months of September, and October.
Factors like high temperatures and humidity in combination with a light breeze may cause discomfort.
Temperatures can range from 34 degrees Celsius (93 f) to 36 degrees Celsius (97 f). The humidity varies between 85% - 90% or more will contribute to a daily heat index of 40 degrees Celsius (104°F) to 46 degrees Celsius (115°F). The heat and humidity will not decrease significantly at night and will only reach a minimum of 28 degrees Celsius (82°F) or 29 degrees Celsius (84°F). This extreme heat is a high-risk factor for people that do not have proper shelter to maintain themselves cool and refreshed.
Excessive heat is the number one weather-related cause of fatalities, therefore people must prepare for the dangers caused by extreme heat. Children, the elderly, and heart patients are most at risk. Please limit outdoor physical activity to the early hours of the day or after sunset. It is advisable to use air conditioning, fans, or to open windows to let the breeze circulate.
An excessive heat advisory means that one can expect an extreme heat period. Exposure to high temperatures and humidity can make you sick. Extreme heat can cause dehydration, sunstroke, high blood pressure, headache, tiredness, nausea, vomiting, muscle cramps, and even strokes after prolonged exposure.
You can take the following measures to avoid getting sick from extreme heat:
- drink a lot of liquid (water or fruit juice with no sugar) during the upcoming days;
- stay in an air-conditioned room;
- stay out of the sun;
- wear light, preferably white clothes.