For the healthy growth and development, children under the age of 5 years should spend more time actively playing and fewer hours of inactivity. Children should have a minimum of 8 hours of sleeping time. A 24-hour pattern should be created with general activities; screen time should be replaced with activities like book reading, storytelling, singing and or doing puzzles.
Children from 3 to 4 years should:
Spend at least 180 minutes of multiple physical activities including 60 minutes of moderate activity during which can be done throughout the day. More activity is always better. Sitting for a prolonged time of more than 1 hour (stroller, highchair, car seat and screen time is not recommended. It is although important for 3 to 4 years old children to sleep about 10 to 13 hours, including naps.
“What we really need to do is bring back play for children”. says Dr. Juana Willumsen, section coordinator for infant obesity and physical activity at the WHO.
The transition should be made from sitting time to active time including the recommended sleep time. Applying these WHO recommendations during the children's first 5 years will contribute to the adequate development of their motor skills, cognitive development, and overall health.
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